Ornamental Plants of Nepal

Acalypha

Scientific Name: Acalypha hispida / Acalypha indica

Common Name: Cat’s tail Acalypha

Nepali Name: Acalypha

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Allamonda

Scientific Name: Allamanda cathartica

Common Name: Allamonda

Nepali Name:

Family: Apocynaceae

Anthurium

Scientific Name: Anthurium andraeanum

Common Name: Anthurium/Flamingo Lily

Nepali Name:

Family: Araceae

Amaryllis

Scientific Name: Amaryllis belladonna

Common Name: Amaryllis/ Easter Lily

Nepali Name:

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Ashoka

Scientific Name: Polyalthia pendula

Common Name: Ashoka / Mast Tree

Nepali Name: Ashok (अशोक)

Family: Annonaceae

Polyalthia longifolia

Begonia

Scientific Name: Begonia chlorosticta

Common Name: Begonia

Nepali Name:

Family: Begoniaceae

Balsam flower

Scientific Name: Impatiens balsamina

Common Name: Balsam flower

Nepali Name: Tiuri phool (तिउरी फूल)

Family: Balsaminaceae

Bird of Paradise

Scientific Name: Strelitzia reginae

Common Name: Bird of Paradise

Nepali Name:

Family: Strelitziaceae

Blue Bell

Scientific Name: Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Common Name: Blue Bell/Bell Flower

Nepali Name:

Family: Asparagaceae

Blanket Flower

Scientific Name: Gaillardia aristata

Common Name: Blanket flower/Gaillardia

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae/Asteraceae

Bottle Brush

Scientific Name: Callistemon citrinus

Older name: Callistemon lanceolatus

Common Name: Bottle Brush

Nepali Name: Kalki Phul (कल्की फूल)

Family: Myrtaceae

Bottle palm

Scientific Name: Hyophorbe lagenicaulis

Common Name: Bottle palm

Nepali Name: Tadi (ताडी)

Family: Arecaceae

Bougainvillea

Scientific Name: Bougainvillea spectabilis

Common Name: Bougainvillea

Nepali Name: Bagam Beli (बगम बेली)

Family: Nyctaginaceae

Bryophyllum

Scientific Name: Bryophyllum daigremontianum

Common Name: Bryophyllum

Nepali Name:

Family: Crassulaceae

Caladium

Scientific Name: Caladium bicolor

Common Name: Fancy Leaf Caladium

Nepali Name: Karkalo Phool (कर्कलो फूल)

Family: Araceae

Calendula

Scientific Name: Calendula officinalis

Common Name: Calendula/Pot Marigold

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae

Camphor

Scientific Name: Cinnamomum camphora

Common Name: Camphor tree

Nepali Name: Kapur (कपुर)

Family: Lauraceae

Canna Lily

Scientific Name: Canna indica

Common Name: Canna Lily/African Arrowroot

Nepali Name: Sarbada phool (सर्बदा फूल)

Family: Cannaceae

Cape Jasmine

Scientific Name: Tabernaemontana cerifera

Common Name: Cape Jasmine

Nepali Name: Phirphire Phool (फिरफिरे फूल)

Family: Apocynaceae

Carnation

Scientific Name: Dianthus caryophyllus 

Common Name: Carnation/Clove Pink

Nepali Name: Carnation

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Cedar Tree

Scientific Name: Cedrus deodara

Common Name: Cedar, Deodar

Nepali Name: Debdar (देवदार)

Family: Pinaceae

Century Plant

Scientific Name: Agave americana

Common Name: Century Plant

Nepali Name: Ketaki (केतकी)

Family: Asparagaceae

Christmas tree

Scientific Name: Araucaria columnaris

Common Name: Christmas tree/Cook pine

Nepali Name: Christmas tree

Family: Araucariaceae

Chrysanthemum

Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum indicum

Common Name: Chrysanthemum

Nepali Name: Godawari (गोदावरी)/ Gurdhauli (गुर्धौली)

Family: Compositae

Cock’s Comb

Scientific Name: Celosia argentea

Common Name: Cock’s Comb

Nepali Name:

Family: Amaranthaceae

Coleus

Scientific Name: Coleus blumei

Common Name: Coleus

Nepali Name:

Family: Lamiaceae

Coral Tree

Scientific Name: Erythrina variegata

Common Name: Coral Tree

Nepali Name: Phaledo (फलेदो)

Family: Leguminosae

Cosmos

Scientific Name: Cosmos caudatus

Common Name: Cosmos

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae

Crepe Myrtle

Scientific Name: Lagerstroemia indica

Common Name: Crepe Myrtle

Nepali Name: Asare Phool (असारे फूल)

Family: Lythraceae

Croton

Scientific Name: Codiaeum variegatum

Common Name: Croton

Nepali Name:

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Cryptomeria

Scientific Name: Cryptomeria japonica

Common Name: Japanese Cedar

Nepali Name: Dhoopi Sallo (धुपी सल्लो)

Family: Cupressaceae

Dahlia

Scientific Name: Dahlia pinnata

Common Name: Dahlia

Nepali Name: Lahure Phool (लाहुरे फूल)

Family: Compositae

Daisy

Scientific Name: Bellis perennis

Common Name: Daisy

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae

Day Lily

Scientific Name: Hemerocallis fulva

Common Name: Day lily

Nepali Name:

Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae

Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus

Delphinium

Scientific Name: Delphinium geraniifolium

Common Name: Delphinium

Nepali Name:

Family: Ranunculaceae

Dieffenbachia

Scientific Name: Dieffenbachia seguine

Common Name: Dieffenbachia

Nepali Name:

Family: Araceae

Dracaena

Scientific Name: Dracaena braunii 

Common Name: Dracaena

Nepali Name:

Family: Asparagaceae

Duranta

Scientific Name: Duranta plumieri

Common Name: Duranta

Nepali Name: Nilkanda (निलकाड़ा )

Family: Verbenaceae

Euphorbia

Scientific Name: Euphorbia milii 

Common Name: Euphorbia/Christ Plant

Nepali Name:

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Ficus/Peepal

Scientific Name: Ficus religiosa

Common Name: Sacred fig/Ficus

Nepali Name: Peepal (पीपल)

Family: Moraceae

Ficus/Bar

Scientific Name: Ficus benghalensis

Common Name: Banyan Tree

Nepali Name: Bar (बर)

Family: Moraceae

Ficus/Sami

Scientific Name: Ficus benjamina

Common Name: Benjamina fig

Nepali Name: Sami (समी)

Family: Moraceae

Four O’clock Plant

Scientific Name: Mirabilis jalapa

Common Name: Four o’clock plant

Nepali Name:

Family: Nyctaginaceae

Fox Globe

Scientific Name: Digitalis grandiflora

Common Name: Fox Globe

Nepali Name:

Family: Plantaginaceae

Gardenia

Scientific Name: Gardenia jasminoides

Common Name: Cape Jasmine/Gardenia

Nepali Name: Indrakamal (इन्द्रकमल)

Family: Rubiaceae

Gerbera

Scientific Name: Gerbera jamesonii

Common Name: Gerbera/African Daisy

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae

Gladiolus

Scientific Name: Gladiolus communis

Common Name: Gladiolus/Sword Lily/Corn Flag

Nepali Name: Tarbare Phool (तरबारे फूल)

Family: Iridaceae

Gold Mohar

Scientific Name: Delonix regia

Common Name: Gold Mohar/Flame tree

Nepali Name: Gulmohar (गुलमोहर)

Family: Leguminosae

Golden Shower Tree

Scientific Name: Casia fistula

Common Name: Golden Shower Tree

Nepali Name:

Family: Papilionaceae

Gomphrina

Scientific Name: Gomphrena globosa

Common Name: Gomphrina

Nepali Name: Makhamali (मखमली)/ Supari (सुपारी)

Family: Amaranthaceae

Henna/Mignonette Tree

Scientific Name: Lawsonia inermis

Common Name: Henna/Mignonette

Nepali Name: Mehendi (मेहेन्दी)

Family: Lythraceae

Hibiscus

Scientific Name: Hibiscus rosa-chinensis

Common Name: Chinese Hibiscus

Nepali Name: Ghanti Phool (घन्टी फूल)

Family: Malvaceae

Hollyhock

Scientific Name: Alcea rosea

Common Name: Hollyhock

Nepali Name:

Family: Malvaceae

Indian Bay Leaf

Scientific Name: Cinnamomum tamala

Common Name: Indian Bay Leaf

Nepali Name: Tejpatta (तेजपत्ता)

Family: Lauraceae

Ixora

Scientific Name: Ixora chinensis

Common Name: Ixora

Nepali Name: Rukmini (रुक्मिनी)

Family: Rubiaceae

Jacaranda

Scientific Name: Jacaranda mimosifolia

Common Name: Jacaranda

Nepali Name: Nilmohar (निलमोहर)

Family: Bignoniaceae

Jatropha

Scientific Name: Jatropha curcas

Common Name: Jatropha

Nepali Name: Sajiwan (सजीवन)

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Juniper

Scientific Name: Juniperus chinensis

Common Name: Chinese Juniper

Nepali Name: Juniper / Dhoopi (धुपी)

Family: Cupressaceae

Justicia

Scientific Name: Justicia gendarussa

Common Name: Justicia

Nepali Name:

Family: Acanthaceae

Juniperus flaccida

Magnolia

Scientific Name: Mangnolia grandiflora

Common Name: Magnolia

Nepali Name: Rookh Kamal (रुख कमल)

Family: Magnoliaceae

Marigold

Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta

Common Name: African Marigold

Nepali Name: Sayapatri (सयपत्री)

Family: Compositae

French Marigold

( Tagetes patula)

Monstera

Scientific Name: Monstera deliciosa

Common Name: Monstera

Nepali Name:

Family: Araceae

Money Plant

Scientific Name: Epipremnum aureum

Common Name: Money Plant

Nepali Name: Money Plant

Family: Araceae

Morning Glory

Scientific Name: Ipomoea purpurea

Common Name: Morning Glory

Nepali Name:

Family: Convolvulaceae

Murraya

Scientific Name: Murraya paniculata

Common Name: Night Jasmine

Nepali Name: Kamini (कामिनी)

Family: Rutaceae

Mussaenda/Paper flower

Scientific Name: Mussaenda erythrophylla 

Common Name: Paper chase flower

Nepali Name: Kagaji Phool (कागजी फूल)

Family: Rubiaceae

Night Jasmine/Parijat

Scientific Name: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Common Name: Night Jasmine

Nepali Name: Parijat (पारिजात)

Family: Oleaceae

Orchid

Scientific Name: Aerangis biloba

Common Name: Orchid

Nepali Name: Sunakhari (सुनाखरी)/ Sungava (सुनगाभा)

Family: Orchidaceae

Aeranthes arachnites

Agrostophyllum leucocephalum

Petunia

Scientific Name: Petunia axillaris

Common Name: Petunia

Nepali Name:

Family: Solanaceae

Peacock Flower

Scientific Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Common Name: Peacock flower

Nepali Name:

Family: Leguminosae

Periwinkle

Scientific Name: Vinca minor

Common Name: Periwinkle

Nepali Name:

Family: Apocynaceae

Phlox

Scientific Name: Phlox caespitosa

Common Name: Phlox

Nepali Name:

Family: Polemoniaceae

Plumeria

Scientific Name: Plumeria alba

Common Name: Plumeria/Frangipani

Nepali Name: Galainchi (गलैची)

Family: Apocynaceae

Pinus

Scientific Name: Pinus wallichiana

Common Name: Himalayan Pine

Nepali Name: Gobre Sallo (गोब्रे सल्लो)

Family: Pinaceae

Pinus

Scientific Name: Pinus roxburghii

Common Name: Chir Pine

Nepali Name: Khote Sallo (खोटे सल्लो)

Family: Pinaceae

Poinsettia

Scientific Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima

Common Name: Poinsettia

Nepali Name: Lalupate (लालुपाते)

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Rangoon Creeper

Scientific Name: Combretum indicum

Common Name: Rangoon Creeper

Nepali Name:

Family: Combretaceae

Rhododendron

Scientific Name: Rhododendron arboreum

Common Name: Rhododendron

Nepali Name: Laligurans (लालिगुराँस)

Family: Ericaceae

Rose

Scientific Name: Rosa spp.

Common Name: Rose

Nepali Name: Gulab (गुलाब)

Family: Rosaceae

Silk Cotton Tree

Scientific Name: Bombax ceiba

Common Name: Silk Cotton Tree

Nepali Name: Simal (सिमल)

Family: Bombacaceae

Silver oak

Scientific Name: Grevillea robusta

Common Name: Silver oak

Nepali Name: Kainyo Phool (काईयो फूल)

Family: Proteaceae

Spider plant

Scientific Name: Chlorophytum capense

Common Name: Spider plant

Nepali Name:

Family: Asparagaceae

Snake plant

Scientific Name: Sansevieria trifasciata

Common Name: Snake plant

Nepali Name:

Family: Asparagaceae

Sunflower

Scientific Name: Helianthus annuus

Common Name: Sunflower

Nepali Name: Suryamukhi (सूर्यमुखी)

Family: Compositae

Tuberose

Scientific Name: Polianthes tuberosa

Common Name: Tuberose

Nepali Name:

Family: Asparagaceae

Thuja

Scientific Name: Thuja occidentalis

Common Name: Thuja / Golden Thuja

Nepali Name: Dhoopi (धुपी)

Family: Cupressaceae

Wax Mallow

Scientific Name: Malvaviscus arboreus

Common Name: Wax mallow

Nepali Name: Khursani phool (खुर्सानी फूल)

Family: Malvaceae

Yellow Oleander

Scientific Name: Thevetia neriifolia

Common Name: Yellow Oleander

Nepali Name: Pahelo Karbir (पहेंलो करबिर)

Family: Apocynaceae

Zig Zag Plant

Scientific Name: Pedilanthus tithymaloides

Common Name: Zig zag plant

Nepali Name:

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Zinnia

Scientific Name: Zinnia elegans

Common Name: Zinnia

Nepali Name:

Family: Compositae

These are some common ornamental plants found in Nepal which include both flowering and non-flowering (foliage) plants. Most of the images are taken from Pl@ntNet website and some of them are clicked by myself. I hope you find it informative. Contact me for any suggestions, corrections and further identification of other plants not included here. Thank you very much 🙂

9 thoughts on “Ornamental Plants of Nepal”

  1. Fascinating. I grow many of these beauties. I am not familiar with Wax Mallow, Thuja, Rangoon Creeper, Justicia, Ashoka, Bryophyllum, Calladium, Duranta, Ixora and Jatropha. Thank you for the introduction.

    Reply

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