Wild, Indigenous, Native and Under-exploited fruits of Nepal

Ainselu (ऐंसेलु )

Common Name: Golden Himalayan Raspberry

Scientific Name: Rubus ellipticus

Family: Rosaceae

Local Name: Ainselu / Aiselu

Amala (अमला)

Common Name: Gooseberry

Scientific Name: Phyllanthus emblica

Family: Phyllanthaceae

Local Name: Amala

Amaro (अमारो)

Common Name: Common Hug Plum

Scientific Name: Spondias pinnata

Family: Anacardiaceae

Local Name: Amaro

Angeri (अंगेरी)

Common Name: Nepal Pink Osbeckia

Scientific Name: Osbeckia nepalensis

Family: Melanstomataceae

Local Name: Angeri / Kali Angeri

Barro (बर्रो)

Common Name: Belleric Myrobalan

Scientific Name: Terminalia bellirica

Family: Combretaceae

Local Name: Barro

Bayer (बयेर)

Common Name: Chinese Jujube / Chinese Date

Scientific Name: Ziziphus jujuba

Family: Rhamnaceae

Local Name: Bayar / Bayer / Bager

Bhakimlo (भकिम्लो)

Common Name: Chinese Sumac / Nutgall Tree

Scientific Name: Rhus javanica, Rhus chinensis,

Family: Anacardiaceae

Local Name: Bhakimlo

Bimiro (बिमिरो)

Common Name: Citron

Scientific Name: Citrus medica

Family: Rutaceae

Local Name: Bimiro / Bibiro

Chiuri (चिउरी)

Common Name: Butter Tree

Scientific Name: Diploknema butyracea

Family: Sapotaceae

Local Name: Chiuri, Chyuri

Chutro (चुत्रो)

Common Name: Himalayan Barberry

Scientific Name: Berberis aristata

Family: Berberidaceae

Local Name: Chutro, Kirmuda (far-west Nepal), Chautari (Gulmi/Arghakhanchi)

Harro (हर्रो)

Common Name: Myrobalan

Scientific Name: Terminalia chebula

Family: Combretaceae

Local Name: Harro / Harra

Imli (इमली)

Common Name: Tamarind

Scientific Name: Tamarindus indica

Family: Leguminosae

Local Name: Imli / Emli

Kafal (काफल)

Common Name: Bayberry

Scientific Name: Myrica esculenta

Family: Myricaceae

Local Name: Kafal / Kaphal / Hade kafal / Ban Kafal

Katus (कटुस)

Common Name: Chestnut

Scientific Name: Castanopsis hystrix

Family: Fagaceae

Local Name: Katus

Khurpani (खुर्पानी)

Common Name: Apricot

Scientific Name: Prunus armeniaca

Family: Rosaceae

Local Name: Khurpani

Lapsi (लप्सी)

Common Name: Nepalese Hug Plum / Himalayan Hog Plum

Scientific Name: Choerospondias
axillaris

Family: Anacardiaceae

Local Name: Lapsi

Mayal (मेल)

Common Name: Wild Pear

Scientific Name: Pyrus pashia

Family: Rosaceae

Local Name: Mel / Mayal / Passi

Nivaro (निभारो)

Common Name: Common Fig

Scientific Name: Ficus carica

Family: Moraceae

Local Name: Nivaro, Nimaro

Paiyun (पैयुं)

Common Name:Wild Himalayan Cherry

Scientific Name: Prunus cerasoides

Family: Rosaceae

Local Name: Paniyun

Pani Amala (पानी अमला)

Common Name: Himalayan Ground Gooseberry

Scientific Name: Nephrolepis tuberosa

Family: Nephrolepidaceae

Local Name: Pani Amala, Bhuin Amala

Sarifa (सरिफा)

Common Name: Custard Apple

Scientific Name: Annona
squamosal

Family: Annonaceae

Local Name: Sarifa / Sitaphal

Teju (तिजु)

Common Name: Coromandel Ebony Persimmon

Scientific Name: Diospyros melanoxylon

Family: Ebenaceae

Local Name: Tiju, Teju, Tedu

Timilo (टिमिलो)

Common Name: Roxburgh Fig

Scientific Name: Ficus auriculata

Family: Moraceae

Local Name: Ban timilo

Image sources:

  1. PlantNet: Ainselu, Amala, Bayer, Bimiro, Chutro, Emli, Khurpani, Nivaro, Sarifa, Timilo.
  2. Flickr: Amaro
  3. img.everychina.com: Angeri
  4. dhamma-ayurveda: Barro
  5. pallikot VDC facebook page: Bhakimlo
  6. myhimal.com: Chiuri
  7. amazon: Harro
  8. wikipedia: Mayal, Kafal
  9. cnseed.org: Katus
  10. pinterest: Lapsi
  11. alchetron.com: Paiyun
  12. tunza.eco-generation.org: Pani Amala
  13. naturalmedicinefacts.info: Tiju

Leave a Comment

%d bloggers like this: